In the globalization era the problem of coexistence of cultures and civilizations is more acute than ever. Developing countries, its economies, expanding industries, often penetrate the territories traditionally inhabited by people of other cultures. In the Russian Federation these processes is the most obviously in the north and north-east, where development of new spaces continues to this day. The whole thing undoubtedly involves violation of the life-style of indigenous people, which in its turn leads to slow extinction of their cultures. According to the 2010 census our country has following composition of the Northern population:
- Nenets – 44 640
- Khanties - 30 943
- Mansis - 12 269
- Selkups - 3 649
In our days some indigenous representatives revert to traditional mode of life, particularly the reindeer breeding, while others begin to lead a settled life in towns and villages, and in this connection there is some new lifeform of traditional cultures. In the interim the first of said group was extensively studied by ethnographers, journalists and documentalist, as the second group is still not sufficiently explored.
The transition process from traditional to modern mode of life is very changeable and in an ongoing process of development, therefore it’s so important to fix and save certain stages of transition of indigenous representatives to urban lifestyle, to catch a moment, when ethnic particularities and benefits of modern society coexist and are equally valuable for human.